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全面的小学英语语法的知识点是什么?到底有哪些

2019-05-14 16:36啧啧英语编辑:xxan人气:

小学英语语法知识点有哪些?要全面的。

 

一般现在时

  一. 意义:表示经常发生的事情,动作或存在的状态

  二. 构成及变化

  1.be动词的变化。

  肯定句:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

  否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

  一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。 如:-Are you a student?  -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

  特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

  2. 行为动词的变化。
  当主语为第一,二人称及复数时,助动词为do
  肯定句:主语+动词原形(+其它)。如: We often play basketball after school.
  否定句:主语+ don't+动词原形(+其它)。如:we don’t play basketball after school.
  一般疑问句:Do +主语+动词原形+其它?
  如: Do you often play basketball after school l? Yes, we do. / No, we don't.
  特殊疑问句:疑问词+以do开头的一般疑问句?
  如: What do you often do after school ?
  当主语为第三人称单数时 ,助动词为does
  肯定句:主语+动词三单式(+其它)。如: He swims well.
  否定句:主语+ doesn’t+动词原形(+其它)。如:He doesn’t swim well..
  一般疑问句:Does +主语+动词原形+其它。
  如:Does he swim well ? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.
  特殊疑问句:疑问词+以does开头的一般疑问句?
  如: How does your father go to work?
 三.第三人称单数的动词变化规则(只有在第三人称为主语的肯定句中,动词才用三单式)
  (1)多数动词直接加s:runs gets likes collets takes plays climbs…….
  (2)结尾是s, x, sh, ch, o,前为辅音字母,
  结尾加es :watches teaches goes does washes crosses mixes brushes
  (3)动词末尾y前为辅音:将y改为i加es: study→studies fly→flies carry→carries cry→cries
  但在y前如果为元音则直接加s:buys says
  四.时间标志:always , usually , often , sometimes ,every…
现在进行时
  一.意义——当表示现在正在进行的动作或正在发生的事。
  二.构成:be (am, is ,are )+动词现在分词-ing形式
  肯定句: 主语 + be + 现在分词V-ing (+ 其他) I’m doing my homework now .
  否定句:主语+be+not+动词-ing +其他. I’m not doing my homework now.
  一般疑问句:Be+主语+动词-ing +其他?
  Are you doing your home work now? Yes, I am . No , I’m not .
特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+be+主语+动词-ing+其他?What are you doing now ?
答案望采纳


小学英语语法知识点有哪些

 

【小学英语语法知识点汇总】

1.人称代词
主格: I we you she he it they
宾格: me us you her him it them
形容词性物主代词:my our your her his its their
名词性物主代词: mine ours yours hers his its theirs

2.形容词和副词的比较级
(1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er
older taller longer stronger, etc
(2) 多音节词前+more
more interesting, etc.
(3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er
bigger fatter, etc.
(4) 把y变i,再+er
heavier, earlier
(5) 不规则变化:
well-better, much/many-more, etc.

3.可数词的复数形式
Most nouns + s a book –books
Nouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—stories
Nouns ending in s, sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watches
Nouns ending in o +s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoes
Nouns ending in f or fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves

4.不可数名词(单复数形式不变)
bread, rice, water ,juice etc.

5. 缩略形式
I’m = I am you’re = you are she’s = she is he’s = he is
it’s = it is who’s =who is can’t =can not isn’t=is not etc

6. a/an
a book, a peach
an egg an hour

7. Preposition:
on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind.
表示时间: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast
on Monday on 15th July On National Day
in the evening in December in winter

8. 基数词和序数词
one – first two-second twenty-twentieth

9. Some /any
I have some toys in my bedroom.
Do you have any brothers or sisters?

10. be 动词
(1) Basic form: am/are/is
(2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.
My eyes are(not) small.
My hair is(not) long.
(3)一般疑问句: Am I a Chniese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

11. there be 结构
肯定句: There is a …
There are …
一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.
Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.
否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

12. 祈使句
Sit down please
Don’t sit down, please.

13. 现在进行时.通常用“now”.
形式: be + verb +ing
eg: I am(not) doing my homework.
You/We/They are(not) reading.
He/She/It is(not) eating.
动词 —ing 的形式
Most verbs +ing walk—walking
Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming
Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

14.一般现在时。通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。
形式:
肯定句:
I go to school on foot every day.
She goes to school on foot every day.
一般疑问句:
Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
Does he jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.
否定句: We don’t go to school on Sundays.
My mother doesn’t like watching TV in the evening.

15. (情态)动词can,must, should 后面直接用动词原形。
eg:
1. I / He / She / They can sing.
2.You should keep quiet in the library.

16. 一般过去时态
(a) be 动词的过去式:
I/He/she/it was(not)…. You/we/they were….
一般疑问句was, were 放在句首。
(b) 动词过去式:
肯定句: I watched cartoons.
She visited the zoo.
一般疑问句: Did you read book last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.
Did she clean the desk just now? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t.
否定句: They didn’t go the the part yesterday.
He didn’t make model ships last week.
(3)动词过去式的变化:
规则动词的变化:
Most verbs +ed eg. planted,watered,climbed。
Verbs ending in e +d eg liked。
Verbs ending in a consonant +y --y +ied eg : study—studied
Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant eg: stop --stopped
不规则动词的变化:
is/am—was,are—were,do—did,have/has—had,make—made,fly-flew/u:/
eat—ate,take—took,run—ran,sing—sang,drink—drank 等等

17. “Wh-” questions.
What are you doing?
What colour is it?
What time is it? What’s the time?
Which is your watch, the yellow one or the white one?
Who’s the man with a big nose?
Whose bag is it?
When is your birthday?
Where is my ball pen?
Why do you like summer?
How many books are there in the school bag?
How old is the young man?
How much is the toy bear?
How do you go to school every day?
What are you doing?
What colour is it?
What time is it? What’s the time?
Which is your watch, the yellow one or the white one?
Who’s the man with a big nose?
Whose bag is it?
When is your birthday?
Where is my ball pen?
Why do you like summer?
How many books are there in the school bag?
How old is the young man?
How much is the toy bear?
How do you go to school every day?

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小学英语全部知识点?

小学英语知识是学习英语的初级阶段,兴趣是最重要的。但有些知识可以很重要,如字母组合发音规则,学好小学,对于未来的初中、高中有很大的帮助。因此,在提高兴趣的同时,加强小学英语教学也是必要的。

小学英语知识要点

 

小学分班考英语不一定难,如果不难的话很容易考,平常考七八十的可以考八九十但是如果难的话考的一般就不是课内的了复习好一下几点应该就没有问题1.一般现在时定义:一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性的动作的时态。
  构成:一般现在时用行为动词的原形,但第三人称单数作主语时,动词的词尾要加-S。(一般的动词词尾+S。以sh/ch/s/x结尾的词+es.以辅音字母+Y结尾的把Y变成i,+es。辅音字母+o结尾的+es.)
  形式: 主语+be(表状态)或 主语+动词原形+宾语(表动作)
  标志词(时间状语):every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday uauslly often,never,hardly.
  用法:1.表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。
  时间状语: always, usually,regularly,every morning/night/evening/day/week,often,sometimes,occasionally,from time to time,twice a week,rarely,seldom,once a month, hardly, ever,never.
  I leave home for school at 7 every morning.
  2.表示主语具备的性格、能力、特征和状态。
  I don't want so much.
  Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well.
  比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup.
  I am doing my homework now.
  3.表示客观事实和普遍真理。
  The earth moves around the sun.
  Shanghai lies in the east of China.
  4.在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,常用一般现在时代替将来时。
  5.表示预先计划或安排好的行为。
  6.小说故事用一般现在时代替一般过去时。新闻报道类的内容,为了体现其“新鲜”性,也用一般现在时来表示过去发生的事情。
  7.有些表示状态和感觉的动词表示现在发生的具体行为时,只用一般现在时,而不用进行时态。
  8.表示现在发生的具体动作或存在的状态
  9表示格言或警句中。
  Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。
  ☆注意★:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。
  例:Columbus proved that the earth is round..
  第一句用一般现在时,用于操作演示或指导说明的示范性动作,表示言行的瞬间动作。再如:Now watch me, I switch on the current and stand back. 第二句中的now是进行时的标志,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用一般现在时。
  5).表示按规定、计划或时间表将要发生的事。
  He starts next week.
  他下个星期出发。
  We leave very soon.
  我们很快就离开。
  The train starts at 10 o'clock in the morning.
  火车将在早上10点开出。
  这类用法限于表示“移动”的动词:go去,come来,leave离开,start出发,begin开始,
  arrive到达,take off起飞,等。
  一般现在时Be动词情况
  am,is,are也可以做一般现在时的助动词
  例如:I am a student.
  一般现在时表将来:
  1)下列动词:come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return,live,fly的一般现在时表将来。这主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情(即按照固定时间表将来发生的动作)。
  The train leaves at six tomorrow morning.
  When does the bus start? It starts in ten minutes.
  2)倒装句,表示动作正在进行,如:
  Here comes the bus. = The bus is coming.
  There goes the bell. = The bell is ringing.
  3)在时间或条件句中。
  When Bill comes (不是will come), ask him to wait for me.
  I'll write to you as soon as I arrive there.
  4)在动词hope, take care that, make sure that等后。
  I hope they have a nice time next week.
  Make sure that the windows are closed before you leave the room.
  基本形式(以do为例):
  主动态:do
  被动态:doing;be done
  过去时:did
  第三人称单数形式:does
  (主语为非第三人称单数)
  肯定句:主语+动词原形+其他
  否定句:主语+don’t+动词原形+其他
  一般疑问句:Do+主语+动词原形+其他?
  肯定回答:Yes,+ 主语 +do
  否定回答:No,+ 主语+don't
  注意:do和does后要加动词原形(任何时态都一样)2.现在进行时现在进行时(The PresentContinuous Tense).
  现在进行时的构成是:主语+be+动词ing〔现在分词〕形式
  第一人称+am+doing+sth
  第二人称+are+doing +sth
  第三人称+is+doing+sth
  现在进行时的定义:现在进行时表示现在或当前一般时间正在进行的动作。可以表示有计划的未来。 现在分词变化规则
  1.直接+ ing
  2.去e+ing
  3.重读闭音节,且末尾只有1个辅音字母,双写辅音字母+ing
  4.特殊变化:die-dying,lie-lying,tie-tying
  5.不规则变化
  现在进行时的基本用法:
  A. 表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。
  例:We are waiting for you.
  B. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。
  例:Mr. Green is writing another novel.
  (说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)
  例:She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.
  C.已经确定或安排好的将来活动
  I'm leaving for a trek in Nepal next week.(已经安排了)
  we're flying to Paris tomorrow.(票已经拿到了)
  D.有些动词(状态动词不用于进行时态)
  1.表示知道或了解的动词:believe,doubt,forget,imagine,know, remember,realize,suppose,understand
  2.表示“看起来”“看上去"appear,resemble,seem
  3表示喜爱或不喜爱hate,like.lover.prefer
  4表示构成或来源的动词 be come from.contain,include
  5表示感官的动词 hear see smell sound taste
  6表示拥有的动词belong to.need.own .possess.want wish
  【No. 1】现在进行时的构成
  现在进行时由"be+v-ing"构成。be应为助动词,初学者最容易漏掉,它应与主语的人称和数保持一致。
  【No. 2】现在进行时的应用
  在实际运用时,现在进行时常用以下几种情况:
  (1)当句子中有now时,常表示动作正在进行,这时要用现在进行时。如:
  They are playing basketball now.现在他们正在打篮球。
  (2)以look, listen开头的句子,提示我们动作正进行,这时要用现在进行时。如:
  Listen!She is singing an English song.听,她正在唱英语歌。
  (3)表示当前一段时间或现阶段正在进行的动作,且此时有this week, these days等时间状语,这时常用现在进行时。如:
  We are making model planes these days.这些天我们在做飞机模型。
  (4)描述图片中的人物的动作,也为了表达更生动。此时也常用现在进行时。如:
  Look at the picture. The children are flying kites in the park.看这幅图,那些孩子正在公园放风筝。
  【No. 3】现在进行时的变化
  肯定句式:主语+be( am, is, are)+现在分词+其它.
  否定句式:主语+be(am, is, are) +not +现在分词+其它.
  一般疑问句:Be(am, is, are) +主语+现在分词+其它?
  特殊疑问句:疑问词+be(am, is, are)+主语+现在分词+其它?
  对现在进行时的特殊疑问句的回答,它不可以用Yes或No直接作答,要根据实际情况回答。
  E. 表示渐变的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。
  例:The leaves are turning red.
  It's getting warmer and warmer.
  F.与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。
  例:You are always changing your mind.
  典型例题
  
  My dictionary ___, I have looked for it everywhere but still___ it.
  A. has lost, don't find B. is missing, don't find C. has lost, haven't found D. is missing, haven't found.
  答案D. 前句是一个仍在持续的状态,应用进行时,由于没有找到,其影响仍然存在,应用完成时,瞬间动词用于否定式时可用于完成时。
  e:现在进行时有时可以用来表示赞叹或厌烦的感情.例如:
  He is always causing trouble.
  他总是惹麻烦.
  The Present Continuous Tense 现在进行时
  现在进行时最容易出现错误的地方在动词的现在分词形式,我们在复习的时候要特别注意不规则动词的变化形式。
  例如:
  taking,taking是take的ing形式,以e结尾要去e加ing;
  swimming,beginning,putting, shopping, stopping, hopping, travelling 要双写最后一个字母,之后加ing;
  buying,playing,teaching,等大部分单词直接加ing.
  有一些特殊变化(或者说以Ie为结尾的重读闭音节的动词)的现在分词〔有3个〕,:lying—lie, dying ―die tying―tie 这些以ie结尾要去e再把I变y再加ing.

3.一般过去时(一般不会考,适当了解,因为对字数有限制,不方便一次打下来)
基本上学会这些就可以了,再提醒你复习好二十六个字母的书写,书写也扣分的我因为不能一下打太多资料,如果你还有问题的话可以留下Q号我联系你还有楼上说的音标,是根据各个材料的,你在什么地区?每个地区材料对音标要求不同如果还有问题可以联系我还要请你注意一点,小学的英语很简单,放宽心态就可以考好。你学不好是因为你学的时候太小了,不了解重要性,我刚刚说的要点是初一的时候学习来帮你复习的,到了初中你在好好学,英语也可以很好

 

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(来源:啧啧英语)


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